Montessori education isn’t just about developing young minds; it’s also about nurturing young bodies. Gross motor skills, which involve the use of large muscle groups for activities like running, jumping, and balancing, are an essential part of a child’s physical development. In this blog post, we will explore the significance of gross motor skills in Montessori education and provide sources for further reading.

The Role of Gross Motor Skills in Montessori

Maria Montessori understood the close connection between physical and cognitive development. She believed that children need to engage in purposeful physical activities to support their overall growth.

Key Features of Gross Motor Skills in Montessori

  1. Holistic Development: Montessori education recognizes that children’s physical and cognitive development are interconnected. Developing gross motor skills is crucial for overall development.
  2. Physical Health: Gross motor activities promote physical fitness, strength, and coordination.
  3. Independence: Through activities like dressing and self-care, children learn to become more independent in caring for themselves and their environment.
  4. Confidence: Mastering gross motor skills fosters confidence and a sense of achievement.

Gross Motor Activities in Montessori

Montessori classrooms incorporate various activities to promote gross motor skill development, including:

  • Practical Life Exercises: Activities like pouring, spooning, and sweeping involve large muscle movements.
  • Outdoor Play: Montessori schools often have outdoor spaces for running, climbing, and exploring.
  • Movement in the Classroom: Children move around the classroom freely, selecting materials and working at their own pace.
  • Balance and Coordination: Materials like the Montessori Pink Tower and Brown Stairs require careful handling and coordination.

The Montessori Approach to Gross Motor Skills

The Montessori approach to promoting gross motor skills follows a structured process:

  1. Observation: Teachers observe each child’s development and readiness for gross motor activities.
  2. Introduction: Activities are introduced to children in a clear and age-appropriate manner, ensuring they understand the purpose and safety precautions.
  3. Independence: Children are encouraged to perform gross motor activities independently, gradually building their skills and confidence.
  4. Progression: As children develop, activities become more complex and challenging to match their growing abilities.

Sources for Further Reading

  1. Montessori, Maria. “The Secret of Childhood.” Ballantine Books, 1982.
  2. Montessori, Maria. “The Absorbent Mind.” Holt Paperbacks, 1995.
  3. American Montessori Society. “Montessori and Gross Motor Development.”

Educational Benefits of Gross Motor Skills in Montessori

Promoting gross motor skills in Montessori education offers numerous educational benefits:

  • Physical Health: Children develop strength, coordination, and endurance, supporting overall physical health.
  • Independence: As children master self-care tasks, they become more independent and self-sufficient.
  • Confidence: Achieving physical milestones fosters self-confidence and a positive self-image.
  • Cognitive Benefits: Gross motor activities contribute to cognitive development by promoting problem-solving and spatial awareness.


Gross motor skills are not just about physical activity; they are an integral part of a child’s holistic development. Maria Montessori’s approach recognizes that nurturing the body is essential for nurturing the mind. By incorporating purposeful gross motor activities into the curriculum, Montessori education fosters physical fitness, independence, confidence, and cognitive development. It’s a testament to the power of Montessori education in nurturing the complete potential of each child, both in mind and body.